Ioannis Kalpouzos

Lecturer on Law

Spring 2020

Langdell Library 307

617-998-1085

Assistant: Jane Reader / 617-495-7719

Biography

Dr Ioannis Kalpouzos specialises in public international law, international criminal law and the law of war. He is a faculty member at City Law School, University of London, and has taught at King’s College London and the University of Notre Dame (London Program). In the Spring and Fall of 2019 he is a Visiting Researcher at Harvard Law School.

Dr Kalpouzos is working on a monograph on the history of the legal concept of war involving non-state armed groups, provisionally entitled The Recognition of War. His research has also focused on new weapons technologies and the law of war, on which he has been a recipient of an HLS Institute of Global Law and Policy collaborative grant, as well as the history and theory of international criminal law, especially in relation to ‘banal’ or ‘structural’ criminality. Recent publications include ‘Banal Crimes Against Humanity: The Case of Asylum Seekers in Greece’ in the Melbourne Journal of International Law (with Itamar Mann); ‘The Armed Drone’ in International Law’s Objects (Hohmann & Joyce eds, OUP); and ‘Double Elevation: International Law, Autonomous Weapons and the Present Future’ forthcoming in the Leiden Journal of International Law.

Dr Kalpouzos is also co-founder of the Global Legal Action Network (GLAN), a collaboration between legal academics, practitioners and investigative journalists, pursuing innovative transnational legal actions. He has led GLAN’s work in the themes of war & occupation, environmental justice, supply chains & accountability, as well as migration & border violence. He has worked on projects related to the exploitation of natural resources in Western Sahara; a collaboration with Bellingcat on air-strike analysis, evidence and technology in the conflict in Yemen; climate change and international law; and international criminal law and the treatment of asylum seekers in Australia, co-authoring a submission to the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court. He is a member of the Athens Bar Association.

At Harvard, Dr Kalpouzos will be teaching a seminar on New Technologies and the Law of War. He will also be collaborating with the HLS Advocates for Human Rights on a project relating to the Saudi-led coalition air strikes in Yemen.

Areas of Interest

Ioannis Kalpouzos, Double Elevation: Autonomous Weapons, International Law, and the Present Future, 33 Leiden J. Int'l L. (forthcoming 2020).
Categories:
International, Foreign & Comparative Law
Sub-Categories:
Laws of Armed Conflict
,
International Law
Type: Article
Ioannis Kalpouzos, Armed Drone, in International Law’s Objects 118 (Jessie Hohmann & Daniel Joyce eds., 2018).
Categories:
International, Foreign & Comparative Law
,
Technology & Law
Sub-Categories:
International Humanitarian Law
,
Laws of Armed Conflict
,
Science & Technology
Type: Book
Abstract
The armed drone, as an object and a symbol, is everywhere: in the news, in popular culture, in scholarship. Through and beyond its aesthetic and technical features, this chapter argues that the drone signifies the changing relationship between law and war. The object communicates a set of promises, of war as precise and asymmetrical governance: promises that this chapter assesses and critiques through a discussion of the object’s material and symbolic functions. The drone is very real, but it is also a symbol, a myth, a fixture in our imagination. Indeed, the very image accompanying this chapter, which is considered to be ‘the most widely reproduced image’ of a drone, is tellingly revealed to be a construct, a fiction, superimposed on stock images of the Afghan landscape. The very real object of the armed drone is appropriated, serving as a language to convey and debate the hopes and anxieties over what it signifies, namely the new way of war. To the extent that this new way of war is accepted as ‘the new paradigm’, the object serves Barthes’ ultimate understanding of the myth, namely that ‘in the eyes of the myth-consumer…it transforms history into nature’. History can be contested; it is ongoing; its course can be altered. Nature is entrenched. The object, by compellingly communicating the myth of ‘the new paradigm’, imposes it. International legal language is at the very center of the tension between the drone’s reality and its promise. International lawyers debate the compatibility of (the use of) drones with the principles of distinction and proportionality, their contribution to the creation of a borderless battlefield and the effects of this to the sovereignty of (weak) states, the classification of combatants and individuals who can be targeted, and the overall manifest lack of transparency and accountability in their use. The armed drone’s significance in international law and international legal debate can be explored through three perspectives/images: the image of the object itself as proliferated in the media, the image(s) the object generates for the targeters, and the image of the object for the targeted.
Ioannis Kalpouzos & Itamar Mann, Banal Crimes Against Humanity: The Detention of Asylum Seekers in Greece, 16 Melbourne J, Int'l L. 1 (2015).
Categories:
International, Foreign & Comparative Law
Sub-Categories:
European Law
,
International Law
,
Human Rights Law
,
Refugee & Asylum Law
Type: Article
Abstract
In recent years, Greece has inflicted widespread inhuman and degrading treatment on asylum seekers. The European Union border agency Frontex has knowingly exposed asylum seekers to such treatment in Greek detention centres. This article argues that acts of Greek and Frontex agents may lead to individual responsibility for crimes against humanity under Article 7 1. (e), (h) and (k) of the Rome Statute. Investigation of such acts remains unlikely, not due to the relevant doctrine, but due to a popular imagination of crimes against humanity as radically evil acts. But International Criminal Law should not only aim to punish radically evil acts. Equally important is seemingly banal violence that appears as an inevitable by-product of global social and economic structures. Such is the violence currently wielded against asylum seekers. Confronting the latter category requires the ICC Prosecutor to realize the political nature of her judgement.

Current Courses

Course Catalog View

Langdell Library 307

617-998-1085

Assistant: Jane Reader / 617-495-7719