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Rosalie Silberman Abella

Samuel LLM ’55, SJD ’59 and Judith Pisar Visiting Professor of Law


Rosalie Silberman Abella
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Justice Abella was appointed to the Supreme Court of Canada in 2004. She is the first Jewish woman appointed to the Court.

She was elected to the Royal Society of Canada in 1997, to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2007, and to the American Philosophical Society in 2018. In 2020, she was awarded the Knight Commander‘s Cross of the Order of Merit by the President of Germany.

She attended the University of Toronto, where she earned a B.A. in 1967 and an LL.B. in 1970. In 1964 she graduated from the Royal Conservatory of Music in classical piano. She was called to the Ontario Bar in 1972 and practised civil and criminal litigation until 1976
when she was appointed to the Ontario Family Court at the age of 29, the first pregnant person appointed to the judiciary in Canada. She was appointed to the Ontario Court of Appeal in 1992.

She was Chair and author of the Ontario Study on Access to Legal Services by the Disabled in 1983 and the sole Commissioner of the 1984 federal Royal Commission on Equality in Employment, creating the term and concept of “employment equity”. The theories of “equality” and “discrimination” she developed in her Royal Commission Report were adopted by the Supreme Court of Canada in its first decision dealing with equality rights under the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms in 1989. The report has been implemented by the governments of Canada, New Zealand, Northern Ireland and South Africa.

She subsequently served as Chair of the Ontario Labour Relations Board (1984 to 1989),
Chair of the Ontario Law Reform Commission (1989 to 1992), and Boulton Visiting
Professor at the Faculty of Law of McGill University (1988 to 1992). She also served as a
commissioner on the Ontario Human Rights Commission; as a member of the Ontario Public
Service Labour Relations Tribunal; as Co-Chair of the University of Toronto Academic
Discipline Tribunal; and as a member of the Premier’s Advisory Committee on Confederation.

She has written over 90 articles and written or co-edited four books. She was made a Senior
Fellow of Massey College in 1989, has given, among others, the Harlan Lecture at Princeton,
the Ryan Lecture at Georgetown, the Winchester Lecture at Oxford, the Anderson Lecture at
Yale, the Robert L. Levine Distinguished Lecture at Fordham Law School, the Diane
Markowicz Memorial Lecture at Brandeis University, and the David J. Bederman Lecture in
International Law at Emory University School of Law. She was the first Bullock Chair at the
Hebrew University, the Mackenzie King Distinguished Visiting Professor at Harvard, the
Floersheimer Distinguished Jurist in Residence at Cardozo Law School, a Distinguished
Visiting Faculty at the University of Toronto Law School, and Bright International Jurist in
Residence at the University of Hawaii School of Law.

She was a judge of the Giller Literary Prize; Chair of the Rhodes Selection Committee for
Ontario; director of the Institute for Research on Public Policy; moderator of the English
Language Leaders’ Debate in 1988; a member of the Canadian Judicial Council’s Inquiry on
Donald Marshall, Jr.; Program Chair of the Governor General’s Canadian Study Conference;
Chief Rapporteur in Halifax and Co-Chair in Vancouver of the 1992 Renewal of Canada
Conferences; Trustee of the McGill Institute for the Study of Canada; Governor of the
International Board of Governors of the Hebrew University; and Vice-Chair of the Board of
Governors of the National Judicial Institute.

Justice Abella has been active in Canadian judicial education, organizing the first judicial
seminar in which all levels of the judiciary participated, the first judicial seminar in which
persons outside the legal profession were invited to participate, the first national education
program for administrative tribunals, and the first national conference for Canada’s female

She has 40 honourary degrees. She was also awarded the Distinguished Alumnus Award of
the University of Toronto Faculty of Law; the Alumni of Influence Award from University
College; the Distinguished Service Award of the Canadian Bar Association (Ontario); the
International Justice Prize of the Peter Gruber Foundation; the Human Relations Award of the
Canadian Council of Christians and Jews; the Honourable Walter S. Tarnopolsky Human
Rights Award; the Bora Laskin Award for Distinguished Service in Labour Law; the Global
Jurist of the Year from Northwestern Pritzker School of Law; the Ethical Leadership Award
from the Faculty of Management at Dalhousie University; the Calgary Peace Prize; the
Women in Law Lifetime Achievement Award; the Goler T. Butcher Medal for International
Human Rights from the American Society of International Law; the Gunther Plaut
Humanitarian Award; the Rose Wolfe Distinguished Alumni Award; an Honourary Bencher
of Middle Temple; and was a Harvard Law School Honoree on International Women’s Day.

Upon retirement from the Court, she will be the Samuel and Judith Pisar Visiting Professor of
Law at Harvard Law School. She will also be a Senior Research Scholar at Yale Law School
and Distinguished Visiting Jurist at the University of Toronto Faculty of Law. In the spring of
2022, she will be the William Hughes Mulligan Distinguished Visiting Professor in
International Studies at Fordham Law School.

Justice Abella was born in a Displaced Person’s Camp in Stuttgart, Germany on July 1, 1946.
Her family came to Canada as refugees in 1950. She is the first refugee appointed to the
bench in Canada. She is married to Canadian historian Irving Abella and they have two sons,
Jacob and Zachary, both lawyers.