Fall 2022 • Clinic
Federal Tax Clinic
Enrollment in this clinic will fulfill the HLS JD pro bono requirement.
Required Class Component: Federal Tax Clinical Seminar (2 fall classroom credits). This clinic and course are bundled; your enrollment in this clinic will automatically enroll you in the required course.
Additional Co-/Pre-Requisites: None.
By Permission: No.
Add/Drop Deadline: August 12, 2022.
LLM Students: LLM students may apply to the clinic through the LLM General Clinic Application.
Placement Site: WilmerHale Legal Services Center (Jamaica Plain).
The Federal Tax Clinic focuses on assisting low income taxpayers who have a dispute with the IRS. For clients who have a corresponding dispute with the Massachusetts Department of Revenue, the clinic will assist them as well. The Clinic’s main practice areas are representing taxpayers litigating in the United States Tax Court, engaging in the audit process and enduring the collection phase of the case. In addition to representing taxpayers from the Boston area, the Clinic takes clients from around the country in order to litigate issue of broad impact to the low income taxpayer community. It also comments on regulations and other types of rule-making that will impact this community.
Much of the practice involves working with the IRS as it administers the tax laws. Clinic students work with IRS revenue agents, revenue officers, Appeals Officers, automated call site collection operators and correspondence auditors. No matter which segment of the administrative agency we encounter, the Clinic seeks to provide a voice for the client in a process that can otherwise prove baffling. Students in this clinic gain a lot of direct client experience. Each student usually starts with 4-5 cases representing a variety of the practice areas of the Clinic. The student has primary responsibility for the case and works directly with the client. The supervisors in the Clinic exist to assist and to guide the students as they work with their clients but generally the supervisors have no direct contact with the clients.
Because Congress uses the Internal Revenue Code to deliver benefits through provisions such as the earned income tax credit and the advanced child tax credit, the taxpayers have a significant financial interest in their tax disputes. The benefit payments sometimes equal half of a taxpayer’s annual income. Represented clients have a much higher statistical chance of prevailing and thus avoiding deep poverty. The Clinic represents clients so that they can retain these benefits in circumstances in which they might give up rather than fight with the IRS in a process they fail to fully comprehend. Additionally, the Clinic represents clients mired in debt. Each semester, the Clinic assists taxpayer in settling their tax debts with the IRS for a fraction of the amount owed and in some cases writing off hundreds of thousands of dollars. These outcomes can be life changing for some clients.
The Clinic also seeks to give students the opportunity to work on matters of broader impact in the low income taxpayer community. The Clinic regularly argues cases in the Federal Circuit Courts. In addition to direct client representation on impact cases the clinic also files amicus briefs in the Federal Circuit Courts and the Supreme Court as well as filing responses to proposed regulations and rulings with the IRS.
The seminar component of the Clinic seeks to complement the experience of working directly with the clients. Students work on case simulations, problems and IRS forms in the seminar in order to prepare and reinforce the skills needed for client representation. Almost every week the students prepare a different IRS form in preparation for the seminar class in order to learn about the subject, feel the frustrations clients experience in trying to prepare IRS forms and learn how to advocate within the constraints of a form. The seminar also serves as a place for the students in the class to discuss their cases with fellow classmates and work together to figure out the best way to approach difficult case problems.