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Gabriella Blum, Remnants of War, in Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (Rudiger Wolfrum ed., Oxford Univ. Press 2009).

Abstract: The term ‘remnants of war’ refers to the residuum left in a territory after the end of an armed conflict. his includes all the remnants associated with the conflict, including objects such as explosive ordnance, depleted uranium, and debris such as barbed wire and ruins. Such objects present a threat to civilians and slow post-war economic recovery. Although these remnants of armed conflict are often the subject of political negotiations, there is as of yet no general international legal regime assigning responsibility for their clearance after a conflict. Nonetheless, there have been some notable developments in addressing the particular dangers posed by explosive remnants of war, primary among which is the the Protocol on Explosive Remnants of War to the 1980 Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (‘CCW’); (‘Protocol V’).