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Annabel Kupke, Carmel Shachar & Christopher Robertson, Pulse Oximeters and Violation of Federal Antidiscrimination Law, 329 JAMA 365 (2023).

Abstract: This Viewpoint discusses how some pulse oximeters can provide incorrect oxygen saturation data for dark-skinned patients compared with light-skinned patients, describes the reasons that biased oximeters remained in use, and highlights why a rule recently proposed by the US Department of Health and Human Services may bring about needed change in the use of pulse oximetry for patients with dark skin.