Abstract: The idea that individuals' religious beliefs and practices should guide their professional conduct is increasingly becoming a focus of public debate. In recent years wide perceptions of national and global problems have led many people of all generations into spiritual and religious searches. People from both ends of the political spectrum look to religious values in reacting against the commercial glorification of violence, racism, sexual abuse and greed in popular culture. Against this backdrop, questions arise for legal and medical professionals when there is a conflict between religious and professional norms. Relevant to these questions are respect for the client or patient who may have different views on religion, as well as potential effects on the larger civil society if more emphasis on religion occupies professional training and practices.