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Louis Kaplow, Incentive and Government Relief for Risk, 4 J. Risk & Uncertainty 167 (1991).

Abstract: Government relief is offered for a wide range of risks-natural disaster, economic dislocation, sickness, and injury. This article explores the effect of such relief on incentives and the allocation of risk in a model with private insurance. It is shown that government relief is inefficient, even when its level is less than the private insurance coverage that individuals would otherwise have purchased and even when private insurance coverage is incomplete due to problems of moral hazard.