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Nicholas G. Evans, Danielle M. Wenner, I. Glenn Cohen et al., Emerging Ethical Considerations for the Use of Artificial Intelligence in Ophthalmology, 2 Ophthalmology Sci. 1 (2022).

Abstract: Rapid developments in artificial intelligence (AI) promise improved diagnosis and care for patients, but raise ethical issues. Over 6 months, in consultation with the American Academy of Ophthalmology Committee on Artificial Intelligence, we analyzed potential ethical concerns, with a focus on applications of AI in ophthalmology that are deployed or will be deployed in the near future. We identified 3 pressing issues: (1) transparency, paradigmatically through the explanation or interpretation of AI models; (2) attribution of responsibility issues for particular harms arising from the use or misuse of AI; and (3) scalability of use cases and screening infrastructure.