Jonathan Zittrain, Did Steve Jobs Favor or Oppose Internet Freedom?, Sci. Am. (Dec. 1, 2011).
Abstract: In 1977, 22-year-old Steve Jobs introduced the world to one of the first self-contained personal computers, the Apple II. The machine was a bold departure from previous products built to perform specific tasks: turn it on, and there was only a blinking cursor awaiting further instruction. Some owners were inspired to program the machines themselves, but others could load up software written and shared or sold by others more skilled or inspired.