Mihir A. Desai & Sumit Rajpal, How “Payment Banks” Could Prevent the Next Bank Collapse, Harv. Bus. Rev. (Mar. 17, 2023).
Abstract: At the heart of Silicon Valley Bank’s failure are uninsured depositors — specifically startup companies who held far more than the insured limit of $250,000 and who couldn’t make payroll without access to their accounts. It’s tempting in light of SVB’s failure to assume that the insured deposit limit needs to be raised, but that solution creates new problems. A better approach would be for the U.S. to follow the example of other countries and create “payment banks” that take little-to-no risk, are highly regulated, and have access to the payment network. They would be a place where companies could park funds — like VC investment earmarked for payroll — without exposing themselves to the risks that normal banks create.