Victor Madrigal-Borloz

Lecturer on Law

Spring 2022

Biography

Victor Madrigal-Borloz is a Lecturer on Law and the Eleanor Roosevelt Senior Visiting Researcher at the Harvard Law School Human Rights Program (2019 – 2023).

In late 2017 the United Nations Human Rights Council appointed Mr. Madrigal-Borloz as UN Independent Expert on Protection against violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity for a three-year period starting on 1 January 2018, renewed for a further three years in 2020. In this capacity, he assesses the implementation of international human rights law, raises awareness, engages in dialogue with all relevant stakeholders, and provides advisory services, technical assistance, capacity-building to help address violence and discrimination against persons on the basis of the sexual orientation or gender identity.

Until June 2019, Mr. Madrigal-Borloz served as the Secretary-General of the International Rehabilitation Council for Torture Victims (IRCT), a global network of over 150 rehabilitation centres with the vision of full enjoyment of the right to rehabilitation for all victims of torture and ill treatment.

A member of the UN Subcommittee on the Prevention of Torture from 2013 to 2016, Mr. Madrigal-Borloz was Rapporteur on Reprisals and oversaw a draft policy on the torture and ill-treatment of LGBTI persons. Prior to this he led technical work on numerous cases, reports and testimonies as Head of Litigation and Head of the Registry at the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. He has also worked at the Danish Institute for Human Rights (Copenhagen, Denmark) and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (San José, Costa Rica).

Mr Madrigal-Borloz is a founding member of the Costa Rican Association of International Law (ACODI), a founding Board member of the International Justice Resource Centre (IJRC), and a founding Board member of Synergia-IDH. He obtained his Law Degrees (Bachelor, Licenciate) at the University of Costa Rica (1994, 1995) and a Diploma of the International Institute for Human Rights (Strasbourg; 1997).

Areas of Interest

Victor Madrigal-Borloz, The Theory of Indirect Discrimination: Application to the Lived Realities of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Other Gender Diverse Persons, 34 Harv. Hum. Rts. J. 295 (2021)
Categories:
International, Foreign & Comparative Law
Sub-Categories:
Human Rights Law
,
International Law
,
Treaties & International Agreements
Type: Article
Victor Madrigal-Borloz, The price that is paid: violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity and poverty, in Research Handbook on Human Rights and Poverty (Martha F. Davis, Morten Kjaerum & Amanda Lyons eds., 2021)
Categories:
International, Foreign & Comparative Law
Sub-Categories:
Human Rights Law
Type: Book
Abstract
This chapter examines the marginalization and social exclusion based on sexual orientation and gender identity and its connected impact on violence and discrimination, with particular focus on the sectors of health, education, employment and economic opportunities, housing, adequate standards of living, and violence. I begin by providing a meta-analysis of previously conducted scientific data collection efforts, noting the shortcomings of the evidence available. I proceed to propose several theoretical explanations for the linkages between stigma and poverty. Finally, I conclude with my thoughts on how States ought to take legislative, administrative or judicial action

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