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Gerald E. Frug, Voting and Justice, in Justice and the American Metropolis 201 (Clarissa Rile Hayward & Todd Swanstrom eds., 2011).

Abstract: This chapter argues that injustice in the twenty-first-century metropolis is mainly the product of our legal and institutional framework. Voting laws enable some citizens to make decisions that greatly affect other citizens, who have no political voice or effect. Determining who is eligible to vote for local elected officials is a key component of the organization of local decision making. Sometimes nonresidents are allowed to vote—but sometimes they are not. If the rules that determine the local electorate were changed, then a very different group of people would be able to influence the decisions that local officials make about matters such as zoning, education, and police behavior. Thus, changing these rules has the potential to alter the relationship between social justice and city police.