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1. In all cases, the Dean of Students and relevant faculty members will consult to determine whether taking a different examination in the same course is the appropriate method for a student to make up failed credits.

2. If it is determined that a student should retake a course or take a different examination in the same course, s/he will be required to do so at the next scheduled time the course or examination in question is being offered.

3. The grade for retaking a course or for taking a different examination in the same course, or for taking a different course to make up the failed credits, if higher than the original grade, takes the place of the earlier grade for determining completion of J.D. degree requirements and minimum annual progress. It does not take the place of the earlier grade for purposes of determining Latin honors (for which the original grade will be used).  Both the original grade and the grade for retaking the course, for taking a different examination in the same course, or for taking a different course to make up the failed credits will be recorded on the transcript.

4. With the exception noted in Section I(S)(1)(d),courses retaken and new courses taken to make up failed credits are included in calculations regarding compliance with minimum and maximum registration requirements.

5. Special Dispensation: Exceptions from the rules regarding retaking courses, taking a different examination in the same course, taking a different course and substitute work may be granted only by the Administrative Board upon a showing of good cause.