Your browser does not support JavaScript

1. First-Year Work

a) Satisfactory completion of the first-year program—consisting of the required 1L courses (see Section I(C)(1-3)) and the required upper-level elective credits (see Section I(C)(4)) —requires a grade of at least a Low Pass in every course, with the exception of the Problem Solving Workshop in which students must receive a grade of Credit.

b) Subject to Section I(S)(5) below, and Section I(T),a student receiving a grade of Fail in any required course in the first year must make up the failed credits in that course during the second year by retaking the course, taking a different examination in the same course or, in the case of the 1L International or Comparative Law course, taking a different 1L International or Comparative Law course or an upper-level course equivalent, in order to maintain his or her minimum annual progress.

c) Subject to Section I(S)(5) below, and Section I(T),a student receiving a grade of Fail in the spring upper-level elective course must make up the failed credits in that course during the second year by retaking the course, taking a different examination in the same course, or taking a different course in order to maintain his or her minimum annual progress.

d) Credits for retaking a course, taking a different exam in the same course, or taking a different elective course, in order to complete first-year work are not counted for purposes of meeting the minimum credit requirements for the second year.

2. Second-Year Work

The following minimum requirements must be met:

a) Grades of Low Pass or better in the minimum number of required credits for the second year of study (see Section I(C), Section I(D), and Section I(H). Credits for retaking a course or taking a different course in order to make up failed upper-level credits are counted for this purpose.

b) Subject to Section I(S)(4) below, Section I(S)(5) below, and Section I(T), a student receiving a grade of Fail in a second year course must make up the failed credits by retaking the course, taking a different examination in the same course, or taking a different course, and has the option of making up the failed credits if the credits are not needed for the semester or annual minimums.

c) Special dispensation to continue in the Law School after the second year of residence without having met these requirements may be granted by the Administrative Board under such terms as it deems appropriate.

3. Third-Year Work

If after completing three years of residency, the minimum grade requirements for the J.D. degree have not been met (see Section I(R))the following may be used to meet the degree requirements:

a) Additional courses may be taken to meet necessary degree requirements. In all cases, degree requirements must be completed within seven years of matriculation (see Section I(A)(3)).

b) Subject to Section I(S)(4) below, Section I(S)(5) below, and Section I(T),if a failing grade is the reason for failure to meet the degree requirements, a student may meet degree requirements by retaking the course, taking a different examination in the same course, or taking a different course, or in another manner approved by the Administrative Board.

4. Legal Profession Course (Professional Responsibility Requirement)

Subject to Section I(S)(5) below, and Section I(T),a student receiving a grade of Fail in the required Legal Profession course must make up the failed credits in that course by retaking the course, taking a different examination in the same course, or taking a different Legal Profession course in order to meet the School’s Professional Responsibility Requirement.

5. Two or More Failing Grades

Any student receiving two or more grades of Fail during any academic year will be referred to the Administrative Board. The Administrative Board may decide, in such a case, that the student is unable to advance to the next year.