Between the onset of Reconstruction and the close of the twentieth century, Americans transformed the legal contours of public life, creating national citizenship, a centralized federal state, and a robust jurisprudence of equality. This course will consider how and why this happened, taking in changes in the law of labor and capital, immigration law, race relations, family law and women’s rights, and the role of the legal profession during the course of this process. Substantial time will be devoted to discussing alternative historical methodologies and competing interpretations of the social and Constitutional history of the period. Class format consists of both discussion, where student participation will be important, and lecture components. The readings will be taken from multilithed materials consisting of both primary and secondary historical sources.